The UNDP report stresses that, in comparison with the year 2000, the number of children who die each year from causes that are preventable has fallen by about three million, enrolment in primary education has increased worldwide and two million more people receive treatment for AIDS. Progress in large scale occurs when there is a strong government leadership, good policies in support of private investment and productivity growth, and when the rational strategies to increase public investments are strengthened through adequate international financial and technical support. This is how many Asian countries have registered the most rapid reduction of extreme poverty in the history of mankind. In Malawi, the Government earmarked a special fund to help farmers get fertilizer and quality seeds. In a single year There was double the corn. Such initiatives can contribute positively in the fight against hunger.
However, out of poverty is not only to increase the productive capacity of countries. The strengthening of people and institutions will need to be accompanied by a thorough review of the conditions and the rules of the game in international trade that closes borders to products that sustain the economies of many countries which attempt to escape poverty. Only with greater equality they may lay the foundations for a free trade and the right environment to attract private investment that the UNDP pointed out as fundamental to the development of the countries of the South. On the other hand, rich countries will have to rethink the agricultural subsidies for their domestic producers and that sinking prices for the products of the South. Although they can achieve fairer trade conditions in the international arena, recognize the leading role of the countries of the South in their own development is a great first step.