Public Instruction

The aboriginal boy was, after all, the axle of the activity missionary in Brazil Colony. There, gradual, education was organized through some methodologies. The first metodolgico resource used to assist the education in the aldeamentos was music; through it they obtained to awake the attention and the affection of the natives, being used its proper instruments and elaborating a repertoire in the aboriginal style, whose letters spoke of the God Christian. Another pedagogical resource used by the Jesuits to reach its great objective was the theater. With it, the religious ones had promoted the education and evangelizaram the indians, presenting parts in tupi or Portuguese, calls files of legal documents, that turned on the life of saints and personages of the Holy Writs; they presented, also, texts of classic workmanships, duly adapted for the Church. Also the dance was used with pedagogical ends. She was suitable of the aboriginal tradition and started to be part of religious parties catholics as of the Espirito Santo The holy ghost and of They are Gonalo.

In 1630, in the twenty aldeamentos that sheltered for return of 70.000 aboriginals, the given contents were basically the enclosed ones in elementary education? that is, rudimentos of reading, writing and Arithmetic? beyond contents of arts, oratria, sciences and those on ones to the Christian doctrine. Between the arts they developed works in the music areas, painting, sculpture and architecture. CONCLUSION As isolated event, the aboriginal aldeamentos under the direction of the Jesuit priests are an interesting and peculiar cultural phenomenon in the History of America. However, much has been argued on its true paper in the Brazilian colonial context. Its system of education seemed to satisfy the requirements basic of that time. But, although its pioneirismo, the Jesuits had finished for if depleting in its rigid traditionalism and religious fanatism. Expulsos of the Brazilian territory, the inacianos priests and brothers must, today, be thought as basic part of the construction of the Brazilian colonial society, therefore for this the pressing necessity of catequizar the aboriginals existed.

Thus, it is inferred that, in favor of these religious ones the moderation of the habits can be invoked many brutais times? inside of the optics of the colonizador? of the natives it benesse and it to have implanted the embryo of the educational process in the colonial territory. Adding the fact of that the life in the aldeamentos always did not find a scene idyllic, the created Company to take care of to necessities of the Church Catholic, fulfilled, in greater or minor scales, the objective which if considered when of its arrival to new lands: he converted souls and he educated heathen in the possible measure do, even so for a possible didactic imperfection, little has remained of aldeada aboriginal culture, after the expulsion of the Order and the disintegration of the reductions.

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