Psychiatric Hospitals

Until century XVIII had a powerful stigma against the mental sick people, which were dealt with worse what the criminals. Decades chained in institutions arrived to be asylums, suffering physical and psychological maltreatment. The French doctor Philippe Pinel, in the decade of 1790, started to change the form more to deal with these patients, considering a humanizado and moral treatment. He freed them of chains and he aimed at to understand the patient and its illness. A story of another French psychiatrist, Esquirol, disciple of Pinel, in the ones of the one general idea of what it happened at that time: ' ' They more badly are treated than the criminals; I them vi nakeds, or dresses of rags, estirados in the soil, defended of the humidity of the floor only for a little of straw. I private them vi of air to breathe, water to kill the headquarters, and of the indispensable things to the life. Vi deliver I them to the hands of true jailers, abandoning to the brutal monitoring of these. I them vi in narrow, dirty environments, with light, air lack, chained in places in which if it would even hesitate in keeping fierce crossbows, that the governments, for luxury and with great expenditures, keep in capitais.' ' Already well later, at the beginning of century XX, one another form of treatment passed to be used, the Eletroconvulsoterapia, that consisted of provoking alterations in the electric activity of the brain, through eletrochoques in anestesiados patients. At that time not yet one had the available psicotrpicos remedies currently, and the proliferation of Psychiatric Hospitals where eletrochoques was applied excessively, not only as therapeutical method, but also as a form of punishment to the agitated patient more, it helped to spread out the idea of that the Hospices were local of maltreatment and that the interned patients left worse there.

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