The Social movements in the old republic the old Republic was the period between 1889 has 1930, when the movement put down president Washington Luis of the power. During this period the oligarchies had been consolidated in the power supported in its wealth, but also in a structure typical politics developed by the elites. In the 1891 constitution little it regulated on social matters. Therefore, the destination of poor remained at the hands of the ruling class. Without enjoying of the benefits of the Republic, peasants and laborers had declared agricultural and urban movements that had contested the model effective politician. To understand a little more on the social movements that had even occurred in Brazil of the old republic and in our times of today, we have that to know that the social movements had started very before the great social movements that they had occurred in the world, as the French revolution, the Iluminismo, the Renaissance and other more. The first social movements had started in old Rome before Christ in century 494, when the inaqualities politics between patricians and plebeian they had generated great conflicts, hundreds of rebelled plebeians if had removed for the Sacred Mount (the Aventino Mount) and had threatened not to fight in the army case its claims were not taken care of. Between diverse requirement the plebeians had obtained to choose its proper magistrates, the Tribunos of the Common people, had obtained in 450 a.C the publication of the written laws, that assured the legal equality of the patricians and plebeian, and the question of the agrarian reform who the Roman politicians had as its main problem, and the Tibrio brothers and Caio Graco had carried through reforms in order to solve the problems of the social inaquality making an agrarian law that limited the extension of the real properties of the nobility and authorizeing the public land distribution for the plebeians, but this project was not accepts in 132 a.C, Tibrio Graco and more than 500 partisans of the agrarian law had been assassinated, for the great land proprietors who if had opposed against the law.