The reading is of basic importance for the human development, being responsible for making possible the learning and the transmission of knowledge between the men. In addition, hodiernamente, with the modern life, the necessary individual each time more to raise its level of knowledge with intention to develop itself inside of the society and, is through the reading, that ways are opened to reach such end, therefore, for being the act to read exclusively human, this, individualiza it the measure that occupies definitive position in the society, being distinguished, in result of its capacity acquired cultural technique and, first, with the reading. Not obstante the reading, according to its gnese, to restrict it interpretation of a message codified for visual signs, the act to read exceeds the simple decoding of graphical signals a time that exist diverse languages that can be presented by intermediary of the reality. However, the true reading appears, initially, when the children start to play, to explore the environment, to carry through creations, to participate of daily tasks, at last, when they start to become related with interlocutors (adult/children), collating points of view and desires, changing emotions, affection and information. Thus, the citizen goes extending its references, conquering its autonomy, learning to share, to coexist, etc., that is, the child interacts actively with its half one, constructing its proper categories of thought, at the same time where it organizes the world. When the language is analyzed under the approach of education/learning, must in such a way be considered as communicative activity, be used when we act on our fellow creatures, how much representative and cognitiva activity through which we read/we represent the world. Understanding it reading in this feeling, can be affirmed, therefore, that it is about the world knowledge where the child if communicates and if express for diverse ways, still more, when many children do not obtain to delimit what it is a word, nor they know that all the said words can be written.